Comments?

Email

princerupert.com

NorthCoast's Regional Information Site

Skeena River Cannery Geography

Seeing Canneries as places in time

“Cannery Row” was made famous by Steinbeck writing about California.

 

The Skeena has had several cannery rows: the most durable along Inverness Passage (1-5 on left and see full table at end of page), but historically along the Skeena itself and especially Port Essington, on the Ecstall.

 

 

In Time

Over 2/3rds of the canneries predate founding of Prince Rupert, which should tell us something about why they were so ephemeral.

 

Boundaries and Canneries

Changes in technology and fishing regulations have perhaps been the deciding factor controlling where canneries were located.

Until 1924 cannery tugs pulled out lines of sail boats that gillnetted daily in the Skeena.

As gas boats became legal, mobility became easier and the salmon were intercepted farther offshore.

Presumably for conservation reasons it became illegal to fish in the Skeena. By 1948 even Port Essington was off limits (green left)

 

Changes in Technology

Modified from Brent (1948)

 

 

Gladys Blyth has compiled much of the early documentation.

The table below was extracted from that work and the Gazetteer data found using her locations.

Each Cannery has its own write up.

The table below could be used as basis of historical database: for example all the BC Archives images could be placed in another database and linked to this one using a common name/ or number.

 

map

Cannery

open

closed

most cases

year

BC Gazetteer

MAP

Latitude

Longitude

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Inverness

1877

1950

62,271

1938

Inverness

103J/1

54°12'00"

130°16'00

2

North Pacific

1889

1968

31,031

1968

North Pacific

103J/1

54°11'00"

130°12'00"

3

Dominion

1906

1927

12,001

1906

 

103J/1

54°19'00"

130°25'00"

4

Sunnyside

1916

1968

95,619

1968

Sunnyside

103J/1

54°11'00"

130°12'00"

5

Cassiar

1903

1983

126,000

1965

Cassiar

103J/1

54°11'00"

130°11'00"

6

Haysport-I

1920

1937

58,235

???

Haysport

103J/1

54°10'00"

130°00'00"

7

Aberdeen*

1878

1902

17,570

1902

Aberdeen Point

103I/4

54°13'00"

129°53'00"

8

Alexandria Cannery

1904

1915

7,492

1911

Alexandra

103I/4

54°10'00"

129°56'00"

9

Balmoral

1883

1933

52,785

1919

Balmoral

103I/4

54°10'20"

129°56'30"

10

Ladysmith Cannery

1900

1907

4,481

1906

Ecstall Island

103I/4

54°10'00"

129°57'00"

11

British American Co*

1883

1923

39,452

1919

Port Essington

103I/4

54°09'00"

129°58'00"

12

Skeena River Commercial

1898

1923

30,824

1917

Port Essington

103I/4

54°09'00"

129°58'00"

14

Skeena Cannery

1883

1926

18,001

1924

Port Essington

103I/4

54°09'00"

129°58'00"

15

Carlisle

1895

1950

72,666

1941

Carlisle

103J/1

54°07'00"

130°05'00"

16

Claxton

1892

1944

109,083

1938

Claxton

103J/1

54°05'00"

130°05'00"

17

Standard

1890

1902

11,977

1902

Standard Creek

103J/1

54°02'00"

130°05'00"

18

Humpback Bay

1928

1933

24,531

1932

Humpback Bay

103J/1

54°05'00"

130°23'00"

19

Oceanic

1903

1929

39,788

1934

Oceanic

103J/1

54°07'00"

130°13'00"

20

Port Ed

1918

1981

281,452

1972

Port Edward

103J/1

54°13'00"

130°17'00"

21

Seal Cove

1943

1953

18,495

1948

Seal Cove

103J/8

54°20'00"

130°17'00"

22

Babcock (McMillan)

1957

---

57,000

1989

Cow Bay

103J/8

54°19'00"

130°19'00"

23

New Oceanside

1974

----

515,000

1981

 

 

 

 

24

PR  Co-op

1962

---

60,400

1977

Fairview Point

103J/8

54°17'00"

130°21'00"

25

Nelson Bros*

1940

1972

198,058

1966

 

 

 

 

26

Tuck Inlet Cannery

1913

1928

34,994

1924

Osborn Cove

103J/8

54°23'00"

130°15'00"

 

 

 

 

NATURE

Sea, land, river

ECONOMY

Regional

PLACE

Books+

PEOPLES

Community

REALTY

Coming soon